Trimming bushes is an essential part of bush maintenance and health. However, there are times when trimming your bushes is not recommended. Knowing when not to trim your bushes is just as important as knowing when you should trim them. In this comprehensive guide, we'll look at:
- The reasons why trimming bushes at certain times is not advised
- The times of year when trimming bushes should be avoided
- Alternatives to trimming bushes during undesirable seasons
- Pros and cons of trimming vs not trimming bushes at different times
- Detailed steps on properly trimming bushes
- Comparisons of trimming methods during different seasons
- 5 FAQs about when not to trim bushes
So let's dive in and explore the ins and outs of when you should avoid trimming bushes and why timing is so crucial for bush health!
Reasons To Avoid Trimming Bushes At Certain Times
Trimming bushes at the wrong time can set back their growth and health. Here are some of the main reasons why trimming at certain times is not recommended:
- Removing new spring growth - Spring is when many bushes put on new growth after winter dormancy. Trimming off this new, tender growth can reduce flowering and stunt bush growth.
- Interrupting food production - Leaves produce food for the plant through photosynthesis. Trimming off too many leaves can drastically reduce food production.
- Damaging winter protection - Many bushes need protective foliage to shield them from harsh winter weather. Trimming off this protective foliage in fall can cause winter damage.
- Exposing buds to frost damage - Dormant buds can be damaged by frost and cold if not protected by foliage. Trimming bushes in late fall removes protective foliage from buds.
- Forcing excessive new growth - Trimming at the wrong time can shock bushes into putting out lots of tender new growth that is vulnerable to weather damage.
- Depleting plant reserves - Trimming off too much foliage forces the plant to use stored energy reserves to regrow, which can weaken the plant over time.
Times of Year To Avoid Trimming Bushes
To avoid damaging bushes or forcing unhealthy new growth, here are the times of year trimming is not recommended:
Avoid trimming spring-flowering bushes until after they are done blooming. Trimming in early spring removes flower buds and developing flowers. Examples of spring-flowering bushes include azaleas, lilacs, forsythia, rhododendrons, viburnum, and spirea. Wait to trim these bushes until after flowering concludes.
Trimming bushes in early fall removes protective foliage that shields the bush from harsh winter weather. Avoid trimming fall-flowering bushes like mums and asters until flowers fade. Trimming too early cuts off developing flower buds.
Late fall trimming removes foliage that insulates buds against winter cold and frost. Never trim bushes in late fall after the first hard frost. Doing so strips away protective covering and exposes buds to winter damage.
Once bushes have entered full winter dormancy, avoid trimming. Bushes are in a protective, minimized state during winter and should not be stimulated into vulnerable new growth by pruning. Delay trimming until early spring.
Alternatives To Trimming Bushes In Off-Seasons
If bushes are overgrown but it's not an optimal time for trimming, consider these alternatives:
- Selective thinning - Instead of shearing an entire bush, selectively thin out overcrowded, excessive growth to shape the bush. Avoid large-scale removal of foliage.
- Light trimming - If a bush needs minor shaping, do very light trimming to avoid shocking the plant into producing lots of new growth out of season. Remove no more than 10-15% of foliage.
- Clean-up trimming - Focus on removing dead, damaged or crossing/interfering branches rather than overall shaping. This is less stressful for the plant.
- Delaying - Sometimes it's best to wait. Put off major trimming until the optimal season arrives to avoid harming the bush.
Pros And Cons of Trimming Bushes In vs Out of Season
Deciding when to trim bushes depends on assessing the pros and cons of trimming at different times of year:
Trimming In Season
- Encourages optimal healthy growth
- Allows bushes to flower and develop protective dormant buds
- Maximizes food production through ample foliage
- Only provides brief shaping effect before new growth occurs
- Doesn't address long-term overgrown state if continual trimming is needed
Trimming Out of Season
- Allows for major rejuvenation trimming whenever overgrowth gets excessive
- Immediately reduces size and regains shape
- Stresses plant by forcing it to regrow out of sync with natural cycles
- Removes protective cover and exposes tender new growth to weather
- Inhibits flowering, food production, and dormant bud development
- Repeated mistimed trimming depletes reserves and weakens bushes
Step-By-Step Guide To Trimming Bushes
When trimming bushes in the optimal season, follow these steps:
Gather Necessary Equipment
- Bypass pruning shears or pruners for smaller branches
- Loppers for thicker branches
- Hedges shears if trimming formal hedges
- Safety glasses and gloves for protection
- Broom and tarp for cleaning up trimmings
Evaluate What To Remove
- Dead, damaged, diseased branches
- Crossing/rubbing branches
- Overcrowded inward-facing branches
- Excessive height/width obstructing areas
Make Proper Pruning Cuts
- Cut at branch collar point where branch meets main stem
- Avoid leaving branch stubs and cut flush with trunk/branch
- Angle cuts just outside buds facing desired growth direction
Shape The Bushes
- For informal bushes, thin out interior small branches and shorten long branches
- For formal hedges, shear uniformly to defined shape and height
- Dispose of trimming debris or compost if not diseased
- Wash and disinfect pruning tools to prevent spreading diseases
Trimming Methods Comparison
Shearing - Using hedge shears or trimmers to cut bushes into formal uniform shapes. Provides neat, orderly appearance but sacrifices some natural form. Promotes dense regrowth.
Thinning - Selectively removing whole branches at their base to reduce interior crowding. Retains natural shape but results in more open growth. Encourages new growth within bush.
Heading Back - Shortening long branches by cutting them back to buds. Used to reduce height and regenerate new bushy growth at cut point. Can stimulate abundant new shoots.
Pinching - Using fingertips or pruning shears to pinch off just the very tips of small new shoots. Directs energy into lower lateral buds to encourage bushy compact form.
5 FAQs About When Not To Trim Bushes
1. Should I trim bushes before winter?
No, late fall trimming before winter exposes bushes by removing protective foliage cover. Always cease trimming operations by early fall at the latest.
2. When should I trim spring flowering bushes?
Spring bloomers should only be trimmed after flowering ends, usually early to mid summer. For re-blooming types, trim within 2-4 weeks after each bloom cycle finishes.
3. Is it ok to trim dormant winter bushes?
Avoid trimming dormant bushes in winter. Pruning stimulates growth that will be damaged in freezing weather. Wait to trim winter-dormant bushes in early spring after last frost.
4. Can I do light trimming on bushes any time?
Light trimming of up to 15% of foliage is possible anytime but full trimming should follow seasonal guidelines to avoid plant stress and damage.
5. Is fall or spring better for trimming overgrown bushes?
For major rejuvenation of overgrown bushes, spring is best as it allows regrowth during the active growing season. Avoid major fall pruning.
Properly timing your bush trimming is crucial for maintaining maximum plant health and vigor. Avoid trimming bushes during spring flowering, early fall growth, late fall dormancy, or winter. Follow seasonal guidelines and postpone or limit pruning rather than trimming bushes into decline. With the right schedule, your bushes will thrive under summer trimming and properly weather winter dormancy.